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TITAN equipment for decorating the surface of bricks, blocks, and tiles

For many years, we‘ve been studying and implementing the best practices in the decorative finishing of artificial stones, which are molded using hyper presses.

Our equipment allows manufacturing artificial stones with characteristics that are often better than those of natural stones. So, to put the whole technological process short, it will be like this. Artificial stones of any shape can be manufactured on any of our hydraulic presses. Molding equipment (presses) compacts raw materials with different types of binders (cement, lime, etc.) and gives them a particular shape according to the geometric dimensions of the molds. The advantage of artificial stones is that they are molded having a particular shape with constant characteristics, so they don’t have to be cut into separate pieces like a natural stone. After molding these artificial stones into tiles, bricks, blocks, etc., they can be decoratively finished just like the natural stones. Below we tell you a little bit more about the finishing of the artificial stone surface using different techniques.

Quite often our clients ask us to give unique textures to the surfaces of facade bricks, blocks, paving, and facade tiles, thus, over time we have accumulated vast experience in decorative finishing.

Decorative finishing is also called rustication. The “rustic” term means natural stone, while “rustication” means the cladding of facades with stones located close to each other.

Rustication allows products that are simple in their composition to get completely new consumer properties by giving them different textures. Consumers consider such decoratively finished products to be of increased value. Along with this, the manufacturing cost of such products doesn’t increase much, which the profitability of manufacturing significantly increases. In many cases, just one simple operation drastically changes the whole product’s appearance and greatly increases its cost. While bearing the same raw material costs, you receive a new product, which the buyer considers as premium-grade, high-quality, and new.

With minimal equipment costs, you can make a unique texture of a regular brick or specially made workpiece. There are many options: natural split stone, vintage brickwork, as well as a shiny matte surface imitating polished marble or granite.

We offer you both individual machines (brick splitters, woodpecker splitters, polishing machines, tumbling machines, etc.), as well as complex manufacturing lines for the technological processes developed by us.

The main types of artificial stone decorative finishing.

  • Splitting bricks and blocks with hydraulic splitters to make the artificial stone look like natural chipped stone.
  • Deep chipping of the items’ surface using woodpecker splitters.
  • Surface polishing to achieve a glossy effect.
  • Tumbling to achieve the effect of the aged product.
  • Painting and impregnation of the product’s surface with paints and chemical reagents.

The types of equipment manufactured by us for decorative finishing surface of bricks, blocks, and tiles

We manufacture many different machines for the decorative finishing of bricks, blocks, and tiles.

You’ll find a brief description of the different types of such equipment below:

Bricks, blocks, and tiles splitters.

Bricks and blocks splitters of TITAN “SPL” and TITAN “SPA” series are designed to split bricks, blocks, or specially made workpieces to obtain the surface texture that is similar to the texture of the natural split stone. Splitting of artificial stone has been used for quite a long time and it remains a popular method of decorative finishing.

The basic items for splitting are the workpieces consisting of bricks which are coupled along the bevels. Besides, workpieces from paired blocks and other items can be split as well.

The splitters differ in the following parameters: the cylinder force, the height of the item to be split, the number of knives, and the degree of automation.

We manufacture a variety of splitters with two and four knives. Machines can be either automatic or semi-automatic.

Two knives are enough to split the item along a pre-formed bevel; to receive a smoother chip when splitting a workpiece without bevels, we recommend using four-sided splitters. Splitting the block requires a lot of the cylinders’ force which makes the knives move.

We manufacture splitters with turn-around tables and adjustable stops for splitting items products of completely different sizes.

The semi-automatic splitters are called TITAN SPL and the fully automatic splitters are called TITAN SPA.

Apart from mass-produced splitters, we can develop individual solutions with different degrees of automation.

TITAN splitters for giving bricks, blocks, and tiles a deep “rock” texture.

After splitting, the surface of items isn’t textured enough: you won’t even see chips if stand only several meters away from the brickwork.

In this case, one should use splitters. They can make the item surface or a special brick workpiece much more textured.

The highly-textured surface is often called a “rock” surface.

For such cases, we have developed a whole range of woodpecker splitters and piano splitters.

The woodpecker splitter has a splitting surface, which literally repeats the shape of the chisel. Due to a large number of chiseling movements, the brick surface turns out to be very textured and resembles a rough chip of stonecutter. The woodpecker splitters are manufactured in different options and with different designs of chiseling elements and their drives.

The same effect of a rougher chip can be achieved by using more complex piano splitters. They have many chisels which move alternately. These are high-performance units that can be built-in into fully automatic slotting lines.

TITAN polishing and sizing machines for sizing and polishing bricks, blocks, and tiles.

TITAN polishing machines (polishing units) are designed to give the surfaces of products molded on hyper press (bricks, blocks, tiles) the effect of natural polished stone.

Polishing machines or polishing units have a linear design. In general, they are similar to natural stone polishing machines, however, there are some peculiarities. We use at least 7 polishing heads and one sizing head in our brick polishing units. More polishing heads can be used when working on harder types of raw materials or if there are higher requirements for the cleanliness of the product’s surface gloss. The brick polishing technology is quite new. If the bricks were polished using this technology, they are called moon marble, moon bricks, Brickhouse bricks, etc. We have developed and patented our technology for manufacturing such bricks.

Just like a brick, a block can be polished on polishing units too. Because of the larger size of the block, one will need larger polishing units with more powerful drives. That’s the only peculiarity of block polishing.

We have developed linear and turret polishing machines for polishing paving flags, as well as facade tiles and Venetian mosaic tiles. Turret polishing machines are more mobile and cheaper, but linear polishing lines usually provide better quality and higher productivity.

As expendable materials for polishing, we use standard diamond-tipped elements such as Frankfurt and others.

Tumbling machines for the aging of bricks, blocks, and tiles.

Tumbling machines (tumbling drums) are installations designed for finishing bricks, blocks, and tiles’ surfaces with the effect of aging. The simplest tumbling drum has a rubber coating. The products themselves are used as tumbling media. Products (bricks, blocks, tiles) are loaded inside the drum. After this, the tumbling drum starts to rotate. Collisions of products against each other and against teeth sticking out from the walls of the drum lead to the finishing of the edges and their irregular chipping.

A simpler option for finishing the brick surface (tumbling) is an installation with chains. Rapidly rotating chains hit the brick surface, thus, making the edges smoother and aging the whole product surface.

The aging of bricks, blocks, and tiles is a very popular finishing technique. Each brick turns out to be unique because tumbling provides random chipping of edges.

Units for washing the tile surface.

Our company manufactures installations for washing the surface of tiles using a high-pressure flush of water.

High-pressure washing of the tile surface is a process in which a flush of water washes off fine particles of aggregate from the product’s surface. Washing is performed on the recently formed tiles. As a result, the surface of the product becomes rough and looks appealing. The main advantage of this technology is the much better traction of shoes on the surface of such tiles.

In terms of technology, it’s very important to correctly select the granulometric composition of the mixture.

Units for painting and impregnating the bricks, blocks, and tiles’ surface.

In some cases, one needs to finish the surface of bricks, blocks, and tiles by impregnating them with chemical reagents (for example, a primer) or painting their surface.

We have developed painting lines for painting and the impregnation of bricks. As the products move in such lines, they are evenly sprayed with chemical agents and paint. Another option is a short-term dipping of products in a tank with reagent or paint.

Examples of different types of decorative surface finishing of products. 

Finishing typeRough chipping 

Splitting

 

 

Splitting

 

PolishingTumblingWashing
     
     
     
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Unit nameTITAN 1WP woodpecker machine

 

TITAN 1SPL splitting machineTITAN 2SPA splitting machineTITAN 250LP polishing machineTITAN TUMBLER tumbling machineTITAN WASHER washing machine

The key advantages of equipment for decorative finishing of bricks, blocks, and tiles

Decorated products have a large number of advantages:

:

Creating Unique Textures

giving a new quality to familiar shapes…

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